Ur of Chaldea Abraham’s hometown!

The Mosaic War Panel of Ur with shell, limestone, lapis lazuli, and bitumen created ca. 2600 found in the Royal Cemetery of Ur.

Series 1 Post 6

Ur, of Chaldea the Biblical birthplace of Abram (Abraham) does not provide any solutions in the problem of chronology.  In fact by declaring Ur was of Chaldea the problem is magnified somewhat.  The Chaldean people while ancient did not arrive in history until the first quarter of the first millennium BC.  Their pre-first millennium origins are unknown with scholarship divided on where.  Some prefer descent from the Aramareans earlier adversaries of Assyrian Middle Kingdom Kings the most famous being Tiglath-Pileser I c. 1115-1076 (Healy, 2000:5).  Others claim Kassite, or Eastern Arabian origins (Stiebing Jr.  2003: 223).

An Assyrian King

Their language in their earliest history is not actually known either, as there is a mixture of Akkadian with some Aramaic place names surviving in their records (See Stiebing Jr. Citation, above).  What is known of these people is they settled in the southern reaches of Mesopotamia that included the great ancient city of Ur.  The Assyrian King Asher-nasir-pal II made the first mention of them in 878.  His son Shalmaneser III, wages war on their tribes in defense of Babylon.  After the decline of Assyria under Shalmaneser’s successors, the Chaldeans recovered to become a force for the later Assyrian King Tiglath-Pileser III to fight.  Babylon became the prize between the two peoples until the Assyrian King Sennacherib sacked it, leaving it in ruins in 689.Despite the punishment of the Assyrians over the centuries, the Chaldeans persisted in their tribal settlements in the area, if not Babylon itself.  Then in 626, Nabopolassar, of unknown heritage but considered to be Chaldean, seized theBabylon throne.  Under the assaults of Nabopolassar, Assyria was weakening, when the Medes of Persia former vassals, under their leader Cyaxares they rebelled.  Nabopolassar, and the Medes eventually joined by Scythians in 605 oversaw the complete defeat of Assyria with the son of Nabopoloassar, Nebuchadnezzar at the head of the Babylonia army.  (Saggs, 2000: 153—164).

Modern humans and yes their helicopter on the top of the 3rd Dynasty of Ur built, Ur-Nammu Ziggurat with restored façade.

Ur itself reaches back in time to the Ubaid period (5,300—3800) of Mesopotamia, with its greatest period of history from archaeological findings as of this date.  Ranging from 2,600- 2006, incorporating the Early Dynastic IIIA—to the end of the Third Dynasty of Ur.  This is the period, which finds the Royal Tomb burials of Ur and the great ziggurat of King Ur-Nammu being built.

There could be much more to ancient Ur, but until archaeology actually provides it, we can only speculate.  Therefore, the importance of Abraham coming from Ur of the Chaldeans is not a real blockbuster of information.  It is more a point to date the redaction of this one verse from scripture at some time between 876—500BCE when there was a historical Chaldea or possibly later in memory of that time.

Works Cited

Akkermans, Peter M. M.G., and Glenn M. Schwartz.  The Archaeology of Syria; From Complex Hunter- to Early Urban Societies (ca. 16,000–300 BC.)  3rd ed.  Cambridge, Gt. Brit: Cambridge UP, 2005.  Print.

Healy, Mark.  The Ancient Assyrians.  Oxford, Gt. Brit: Osprey, 2000.  5 Print.

Saggs, H.W.F.  People of the Past; Babylonians.  Berkeley, CA: U of California P, 2000.  153—164, Print.

Stiebing, William H. Jr.  Ancient Near Eastern History and Culture.  N.p.: Longman, 2003.  223  Print.

©Abram Back in Time 2000-2107.  All Rights Reserved.

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Series One Post 5

Earlier posts on The Shaking Ground of Bible Chronology can be found here.

Merenptah’s Stele, the Israel Stele, and the Victory Stele of Merenptah.

For the record, it is the same stele,it’s just known by the various names above.  Discovered by Sir Finder Petrie in 1896 at Thebes, Egypt; it is widely known as the first known mention of Israel (Isrir) in ancient Egypt.  Shortly after its discovery, a member of his team translated the stele, and between them, they decided that one word of it referred to Israel.  It contains multiple stanzas of the victories of Merenptah as he defended Egypt against enemies.

Merenptah’s Stele that mentions Israel.

Leaving the question of correct translation of that one word aside, today the concentration of thought is on wording used in phrase “Israel is wasted; its seed is no more.”  This word differs from the use of glyphs in the identification of the city-states Gerer, Ashkelon, and Yanoam from the glyph used for Israel in the same stanza, where it is foreign peoples.  Apparently, in Egyptian hieroglyphics, foreign people signify nomadic people.  Therefore, the reasoning is Israel, if mentioned at all, was still a collection of tribes, dating this Israel to the post-Exodus period.  Do you see how that 17th century math is still working?

Yet, a simple look at the Bible tells us that after the first year of Solomon’s son Rehoboam the people divided forming the two states Judah, and Israel.  The wording used to announce this spilt is “…to your tents O Israel.”  This wording is found in both biblical accounts of the division 1Kings 12:16 and 2Chronicles 10:16.

This shows it is the scholars, their dependence on the old tradition that is off.  If Merenptah is mentioning the state of Israel, he is correct in defining it using nomadic people word in Egyptian.  The real question is can the divided monarchy be placed that early in the archaeological record?  Archaeology doesn’t take sides on the issue of biblical chronology.  It simply lays out the evidence is there any other evidence that suggests that Merenptah knew he was talking about the post united monarch state of Israel?

The opening line on this stanza is, “The Princes are prostrate, saying: “Mercy!”  When did Israel have its own Princes?  It was after the division at the end of King Rehoboam first year.  Jeroboam, who had escaped Solomon’s anger fled to Egypt, had returned, and was made king of Israel at that time.

Surprisingly the evidence is rich in placing the nation of nomadic Israelites into this time frame.  Only the insistence that ancient scholars were right in placing Exodus in the 18th dynasty keeps us from seeing the evidence archaeology simply revels.

When we correctly align chronology with scripture the false debates such as is the word Israel really mentioned in this Stele?  Become emphatic denials of ancient knowledge before the enthronement of modern man understanding of ancient times.

Source Cited

Finegan, Jack.  Handbook of Biblical Chronology.  Rev. ed.  Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1999.  Sec. 415 pgs. 241—242.  Print.

© Abram Back in Time 2000-2107.  All Rights Reserved.

What! Animals falling into ancient boats? No!

Gobustan, Azerbaijan Caferzade 1973 with many and great thanks!

Is it a Neolithic account of Noah’s Ark full of animals?

Come snooping here and find all about Noah’s Ark, including Wine, and this picture with its companions!  You might even discover the real Noah’s Ark!

True or False? This Man Discovered Who Pharaoh Shishak Was?

Sir John Marsham (1602-1682)

It is True! 

Sir John Marsham is credited by those of us in the know of discovering who the historical and Biblical Shishak was about 1650.  For more on his exciting discovery please visit my site.

Under Construction With Many Regrets!

My original site is up and contains information for your knowledge expansion trip and I hope reading pleasure. Come visit ABiT Bronze Age Bible Site Home you can transfer easily by clicking on ABiT Home link in the Side Bar. The Series Two link works however it will lead you to another Under Construction Site. Please Come Again!

Thank you for visiting!

Please Come Again!

 

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